A smart card is a device that includes an embedded integrated circuit that can be either a
secure microcontroller or equivalent intelligence with internal memory or a memory chip
alone.The card connects to a reader with direct physical contact or with a remote
contactless radio frequency interface
Security printing is the field of the printing industry that deals with the printing of items
such as banknotes, cheques, passports, tamper-evident labels, product authentication, stock
certificates, postage stamps and identity cards. The main goal of security printing is to
Security holograms are labels with a hologram printed onto it for sale security reasons.
Security holograms are very difficult to forge because they are replicated from a master
hologram which requires expensive, specialized and technologically advanced equipment.